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Pulses Production Trends and Strategies to Become Self Sufficient

Publisher: Indian Farming

The United Nation declared 2016 as international year of pulses, given its importance in food and nutrition security and source of income and employment to small and marginal farmers' in developing countries. Historically India is the largest producer, consumer and importer of pulses. Pulses production in India is about 19 million tonnes, every year India is importing about 3-4 million tonnes of pulses to meet its annual demand of 22-23 million tonnes. Even though there is a significant increase in pulses production in the last decade from 15 million tonnes to 18-19 million tonnes due to the implementation of National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Accelerated Pulses Production Programme (APPP) and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), there is little improvement in production of kharif pulses. There is a lot of scope in expanding area under rice fallows in eastern and southern India and crop diversification from rice-wheat to cereal-pulse based cropping systems in northern India. And increase yield in 50% of the pulses growing districts to at least 1 ton/ha in the near future. These strategies will help in decreasing demand and supply gaps in pulses in the near future. If we don't take efforts to increase pulses production, India has to import nearly 5-7 million tons by 2025, where world trade of pulses are only 12 million tonnes. That too Indian consumers prefere arhar, moong and urad for which world supply is very limited.

Author(s): Amarender A. Reddy | Views(381) | Download (162)

  
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