System of Promoting Appropriate National Dynamism
for Agriculture and Nutrition


Challenges for Revival of Indian Agriculture

Publisher: National Centre for Agricultural Policy

One of the paradoxes of the Indian economy is that the decline in the share of agricultural workers in total workers has been slower as compared to the decline in the share of agriculture in GDP. The share of agriculture and allied activities in GDP declined from 57.7% in 1950-51 to 25% in 1999-00 and further to 20% in 2004-05. The share of agriculture in total workers, however, declined slowly, from 75.9% in 1961 to 59.9% in 1999-00 and further to 56.7% in 2004-05. Between 1961 and 2004-05, there was a 34 percentage point decline in the share of agriculture in GDP, while the decline in share of agriculture in employment was of 19 percentage points only. As a result, the labour productivity in agriculture has increased only marginally, while that of non-agricultural workers has increased rapidly. There were about 259 million agricultural workers in the year 2004-05. About 42% of these agricultural workers were females.

Author(s): S Mahendra Dev | Views(296) | Download (150)

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