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The Dynamics and Inequality of Nutrient Consumption in India

Publisher: Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics

Food being the foremost basic need gets the priority in the pattern of expenditure of people, especially the poor class. Access to food demands affordability, which depends upon the twin factors, namely, income of the people and prices prevailing in the country. Slower growth in income than prices would undermine the purchasing power, resulting in inadequate access to food and calorie consumption. Foodgrains account for about four-fifth of the calorie intake of the poor and an increase in cereal prices could significantly reduce the calorie intake of the poor, as it is sensitive to cereal prices. The dietary changes that characterise the “nutrition transition” include both quantitative and qualitative changes in the diet. Income, prices, individual preferences and beliefs, cultural traditions as well as geographical, environmental, social and economic factors all interact in a complex manner to shape the dietary consumption pattern (WHO, 2003).

Author(s): V. Chandresekar, R. Sendhil, Anil Kuruvila, P. Nasurudeen | Views(239)

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