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Food and Nutritional Security in the Frame of Crop Diversification in the Temperate Region of Jammu and Kashmir

Publisher: Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics

The fact that the vicious circle of hunger and poverty are the main causes of malnutrition and the resultant faulty physical and mental development among children. Underlying this are various inadequacies including mainly household and community level food security. The affordability of the food despite being available is far from accessibility. In this context the existence of extremely tiny holdings on account of continuing increase in population and simultaneous sub-division of these holdings coupled with the lack of infrastructure for exploitation of available niche areas for inclusive growth are some of the vital constraints hampering agricultural growth and achieving food security in the mountainous state of Jammu and Kashmir. Only 5.07 per cent of its total area is cultivable and more than 95 per cent of holdings are small and marginal with an average size of 0.61 hectares, much less than national average. Food security being an essential foundation for meeting various millennium development goals (MDGs) related to hunger, child mortality, mental health, diseases, gender equality and primary education (Gill et al., 2003), it becomes more important to address these issues through manipulations of the existing agricultural production system which is the primary sector of the economy of the state and has the potential to overcome these deficiencies through rational management of its resource base. The diversification of the crops in the state towards production of temperate niche cash crops like fruits/vegetables/vegetable seeds/spices/floricultural crops, etc., could be seen as a viable option for pushing further the incomes by generating employment opportunities of the small and marginal farm households (Vyas, 1996; Joshi et al., 2007; Sharma, 2011)

Author(s): M.H. Wani, S.H. Baba, M. Hussain, Shahid Yousuf, S.A. Mir, S.S. Kubravi | Views(147) | Download (91)

  
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