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Household Approaches to Factors Affecting Nutrition: A Study of Two Indian Districts

Publisher: Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia

A number of factors affect a household’s nutritional status: food production; access and availability of food; care in the home; health, water, sanitation and hygiene practices; women’s agency and empowerment; and women’s role as primary caregivers. This paper explores these factors at the household level by interviewing 100 women across four rural villages in Bijapur, Karnataka and Sabarkantha, Gujarat. This study seeks to improve our perception of how women and their families understand nutrition and whether some of the factors affecting nutrition are given less importance compared to others. We find that households think of nutrition primarily as healthy food that provides energy for physical work. Access and availability of food depends on climatic conditions, and in both districts, there has been a general decline in agricultural production that has affected the quantity and quality of food consumed. Households recognise the links between food they eat and the subsequent nutrition they derive from it, and hence pursue foods that they think are nutritious. However, there are challenges in terms of poor hygiene, sanitation practices and water purification practices in most households

Author(s): Lina Sonne, Anjali Neelakantan | Views(315) | Download (210)

  
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