System of Promoting Appropriate National Dynamism
for Agriculture and Nutrition


Effect of Rural Livelihoods Project on Adaptation Decision and Farmers’ Wellbeing in Western Odisha: Application of Endogenous Switching Regression

Publisher: Gujarat Institute of Development Research

Evidences suggest that developing countries, challenged as they are due to problems such as poverty, food insecurity, malnutrition and inequality are also highly vulnerable to current and future climatic shocks. While several projects have been undertaken in these countries over the years to address their development challenges, efforts to integrate climate change adaptation within development initiatives have virtually been absent. Also, empirical analyses that examine the causal relationship between such activities and agricultural adaptation decision by farmers or their overall wellbeing are scarce, particularly in the case of India. This paper seeks to address this gap by examining the effect of a rural livelihood project implemented in the drought prone western region of the state of Odisha in the last decade. The empirical analysis is based on a survey of 549 rural households. Employing the endogenous switching regression approach, the paper finds that the intervention did enhance the likelihood of undertaking farmlevel adaptation measures. The other drivers are found to be access to technical education, formal and informal institutions, and agricultural extension services. It is also found that adaptations lead to significant gain in crop income of farmers. From a broader policy perspective, the paper emphasizes the significance of integrating climate change in development planning to reduce the possibility of mal-adaption.

Author(s): Unmesh Patnaik, Chandra Sekhar Bahinipati | Views(354) | Download (270)

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