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Malnutrition among Women in Kerala: An Analysis of Trends, Differentials and Determinants

Publisher: Gokhale Institute of Politics and Research

While under-nutrition (underweight and stunting) is still prevalent in most of the developing countries, the rates of overweight and obesity are steadily increasing, especially among adults. In Kerala, overweight/obese exceeded underweight. This paper attempts to examine the trends in the shift from underweight to overweight and identify the major determinants of the co-existence of ‘double burden’ of malnutrition among women of reproductive age 15-49 years in Kerala using the data from National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) and the Second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2, 1998-99). The results of the multivariate logistic regression analyses show that household standard of living, religion and age are significantly associated with both underweight and overweight/obesity. On the other hand, woman’s education, work status, residence and caste are not significant on women’s nutritional status. In summary, both chronic energy deficiency and overweight/obesity are widespread in Kerala and there is a need for public health programs that are able to address both simultaneously

Author(s): P. Ramesh | Views(213)

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